What are the risks of technology to health?

What are the risks of technology to health?

The technology brings many benefits to society: it facilitates the routine generates more entertainment and streamlines the exchange of information. But its excessive use can also bring a lot of harm.

The indiscriminate use of technological devices has impacted both the physical and mental health of the people, and the dependence on the Internet is now about to become a serious psychiatric illness.

Therefore, it is essential to pay attention to the use of mobile phones, computers and video games, watching for any sign that these devices are excessively present in their daily lives.

See, then, the main risks of technology and know some tips avoid inconvenience to your health and your family:

4 risks of technology for physical health

Using improperly technology can bring much damage the proper functioning of the body. Such losses range from problems with the spine to the decrease in vision quality.

Learn a little more about some of these issues:


One of the great harm that excessive use of technology can lead to health is obesity.

Since the electronic devices and the Internet became widely accessible, people dramatically reduced physical activity in their day to day, becoming increasingly sedentary.

This is because the tablet and smartphone were, little by little, becoming a source of fun and entertainment, replacing other leisure activities that require displacement – like hiking and parks.

Also, currently, the computer and the Internet are the main feature work, especially for professionals who deal with intellectual tasks or in need of research and information.

As a result, people spend most of the time spent sitting, slowing the movement of your body throughout the day. So they eat more calories than they expend, which favors obesity.

According to study conducted in Canada, there is a direct relationship between using electronic devices and overly sedentary lifestyle. This study showed that people with television, computer and car are more likely to develop obesity and diabetes.

Another finding of this research is that addicts technology also have additional 9 cm waist circumference relative to the other.

consequences of obesity

Despite becoming increasingly common, obesity can have serious health consequences. It increases the risk of developing chronic diseases – diabetes, hypertension and heart problems such as heart attack – and favors the occurrence of cancer .

Tips to prevent obesity

To prevent obesity, it is indispensable to reduce the use of technologies during the day and a healthier routine life be adopted. Here are some tips:

  • Do interval times throughout his work, rising for a walk, go to the bathroom and take a glass of water;
  • go walking to work, even if it is only part of the path;
  • give preference to public transport, so you move between one path and another;
  • change the smartphone for other leisure activities such as outdoor walks;
  • change the television for a way out with your family;
  • adopt the practice of a regular physical activity;
  • climb stairs and avoid using the elevator when you need to go up a few floors;
  • adopt a more balanced diet, changing simple eating habits and making an appointment with a nutritionist.

postural problems

Another prejudice to the excessive use of technology are the postural problems. Perhaps, the column is one of the parts of the body most affected by this exaggeration, since, in most cases, the devices are used without regard to position.

When looking at the screen of the devices – smartphones, tablets and computers – people bend their backs and bow their heads. However, to the extent that the head tilts, the neck becomes its main support, increasing the pressure on the cervical spine.

Similarly, professionals working at the computer, generally do not use a treadmill furniture. In this sense, they spend most of your day with the back bent forward or with the body hanging to the side, which is unhealthy for your spine.

Consequences of poor posture

Remaining long hours using the technology unsuitable postural position impacts the column. Among the problems caused can be cited:

  • deviations in the column;
  • low back pain, or pain in the lumbar region;
  • muscle contractures;
  • herniated discs;
  • osteoarthritis;
  • tension in the region of the shoulders and neck;
  • postural change;
  • neck pain;
  • wear column.

Tips to avoid postural problems

To avoid postural problems:

  • reduce cell phone usage time, tablet, or notebook computer;
  • always leave the screen of these devices at eye level or field of vision;
  • use ergonomic chair and table, that is, leaving the standing column and the arm in an appropriate height relative to the trunk;
  • and stretching the handles make the lumbar and cervical region throughout the day;
  • Practice exercises – guided by a qualified professional – to strengthen the neck muscles and postural reeducation.

orthopedic problems in the fingers and wrists

In addition to the orthopedic problems of the spine, the inappropriate use of technology can also harm the health of the fingers and wrists.

Applications of instant messaging, social networking and email are some examples of how people want to always be online and tuned to all that is happening around them.

In this scenario, they live typing, either on your smartphone or computer. However, over-typing can damage the fingers and wrists because of several hours doing repeatedly, the same movement.

excessive typing Aftermath

Among the problems that may be generated due to excessive typing, are:

  • repetitive strain injury (RSI), which can reach both the fingers as the handles;
  • tendinopathy, which are diseases that affect the tendons;
  • character degenerative changes, such as arthrosis;
  • inflammatory processes in the joints;
  • pain in the fingers, tendons, wrists, hands and elbows.

Tips to prevent the occurrence

Some tips can be deployed to prevent injury to fingers, hands and wrists occur:

  • take breaks during the day, using electronic devices at intervals;
  • adopt the practice of lengthening the handles, which can be done during breaks in the use of smartphones and computers;
  • avoid always make the same movements with your fingers and hands;
  • reduce the use of communicators, especially in times of leisure and rest;
  • use the mobile phone, tablet and computer in a stationary position;
  • seek help from a professional as soon as appear the first symptoms.

Vision problems

The eyes can also be very adversely affected by the indiscriminate use of computers, cell phones and other mobile devices.

This abuse can cause early problems for vision. This is because the focus is kept on the same object for a long period, leading to excessive visual accommodation, which, in turn, generates spasms in ocular muscle and damage to vision.

Consequences of visual impacts

They are among the consequences of technological impacts related to the vision:

  • myopia, which is difficult to see from a distance;
  • frequent headaches, since it is necessary to force the view to get a better view;
  • irritation, redness and dryness of the eyes;
  • tearing and feeling of eye strain and weight on the eyelids;
  • burning eyes.

Tips to avoid vision problems

The tips to prevent vision is impaired by the excessive use of technology are quite simple. Here are some of them:

  • Always use computers, tablets and mobile phones in a little less lit environments, giving preference for white or natural light;
  • Look blink frequently in order to prevent drying of the eyes;
  • adjust brightness, contrast and color screen in order to make the most comfortable viewing;
  • keep a safe distance of about 40 to 60 centimeters from the screen;
  • rest the views from time to time, making short breaks during the day;
  • consult an eye specialist regularly.

4 technology risks for mental health

There are several factors that can harm the health of our mind. Among them, the overuse of technology has become a major determinant of emotional and psychological problems.

There are several risks of technology for the mental well-being, and the excess can cause behavioral disorders, stress, insomnia, addiction and anxiety.

Check out a little more about some of these issues:


Mobile devices, instant messaging and social networks have created an era where people are hiperconectadas.

Despite facilitate communication, to be connected all the time brings a sense of immediacy and generates a volume of information that is not fully absorbed, overloading the brain and making people more and more anxious.

In contrast, this heightened anxiety causes many physical and psychological damage, disrupting the activities of everyday life.

Anxiety consequences

Some of the consequences of heightened anxiety are:

  • Standard modifications of sleep, which affects the ability to rest;
  • difficulty concentrating at school or at work, reducing the yield;
  • exaggerated irritability;
  • aggressiveness;
  • mood changes;
  • depression;
  • worry and fear extremes in normal routine situations.

Tips to avoid panic

To prevent the use of technology causes an anxiety disorder, you need to take some precautions, such as:

  • reduce the use of the internet, cell phone and computer;
  • exchange instant messaging for personal conversations with your family and with your friends;
  • avoid accessing the internet or check e-mail after arriving from work or school;
  • reduce access and the volume of posts on social networks;
  • practice other leisure activities that are not related to technology.


FOMO is the acronym for the expression fear of Missing Out , which in Portuguese means “fear of missing out” or “fear of losing something.”

This is a syndrome characterized by the fear that others are experiencing good experiences which the person in question is not part.

As a result, she has a constant need to check social networks and instant messaging, as well as at all times, to share the news of your life by posting photos and other publications.

To identify this syndrome, you need to consult an expert professional (psychologist or psychiatrist). When symptoms are greatly exaggerated, they can be recognized by their own family and friends.

Are common signs of FOMO:

  • Check phone notifications at any location, including inside the film during a work meeting or while driving;
  • update social networks too often in a short time (several times during a single hour, for example);
  • anxiety over the impossibility of getting the check cell in a short period of time;
  • to travel often social networks, even if no longer a novelty;
  • leave home already thinking of taking pictures to post on the Internet.

The syndrome can affect people of any age group. However, it is more common in adolescents and young adults aged up to 34 years and is considered as one of the early symptoms of dependence on the internet.

This social anxiety has been described for the 1st time in 2000, but only now is she went on to win more evidence due to the increasingly heavy use of social networks.

Consequences of FOMO

This syndrome can have serious physical harm, professional, emotional and social. Among them can be cited:

  • frequent feeling of distress;
  • depression and anxiety;
  • difficulty performing professional tasks and day to day due to the constant need to be connected;
  • distraction and difficulty concentrating;
  • bad mood, stress, boredom and loneliness.

Tips to avoid FOMO

To avoid the FOMO, you can take the following actions:

  • seek professional help from a psychologist or a psychiatrist;
  • count the number of hours spent on social networks in order to reduce such use;
  • avoid getting with cell phone in hand or readily available at all times;
  • decrease comparisons made between his life and the lives of others.

Social problems

With the spread of social networks and instant message exchanges applications – that are loaded everywhere through mobile phones – people have come to live increasingly, a virtual world.

Most interactions no longer held personally: talk with friends happen by text messages; working meetings are transferred to remote areas; and news are all published and monitored on social networks.

These features of modern life have brought serious social problems. When technology is used in an exaggerated way, individuals are disconnected from the real world and start to have difficulties to interact and personally relate to others.

social consequences of abuse of technology

They are social consequences of overuse of technology and the internet:

  • isolation of socializing with friends and family members;
  • decreased production at work;
  • reduced performance in school;
  • frequent changes of employment;
  • leisure activities abandonment to spend more time on social networks;
  • avoid meeting with friends or go out with your partner.

Tips to avoid social problems

To avoid social problems due to abuse of technology, it is necessary to reduce the maximum time of use of electronic devices and social networks, prioritizing the real experience and the company of the people around you.

It is also necessary to police about the use of social networks in the workplace, avoiding distractions that can diminish your professional productivity.


Another risk of technology for health is the alteration of sleep pattern. A growing number of people who do not disconnect during the day and not hang up the phone, even when it comes to sleep . Some people sleep with the device under his pillow.

However, these habits cause a constant state of alert, ie, the mind is all the time waiting for a new message or notification that needs to be promptly answered or verified.

This scenario affect the onset of sleep, which in turn, becomes more agitated. As a result, the deep, restful sleep is not reached, causing insomnia is installed.

Consequence of insomnia

In the long term, from insomnia abusive use of technology can bring important impacts both the physical and mental health, such as:

  • wake up feeling tired and unwell;
  • difficulty concentrating;
  • memory disorders and problems with forgetfulness;
  • irritability, anxiety and depression;
  • constant feeling of dissatisfaction;
  • decreased productivity at school and at work;
  • increased risk of accidents with the car;
  • damage to the social life.

Tips to avoid insomnia

To avoid problems with your sleep:

  • avoid using mobile, tablet and computer about 2 hours before bedtime;
  • use social networks less frequently;
  • let the phone away from the bed at the time that is lie;
  • Practice some relaxation activity.


Spend hours and hours a day using the phone may cause an addiction that has even has a name: NOMOPHOBIA. This term is derived from the English expression in mobile phobia which means “fear of running out of the cell.”

The abuse of the use of smartphones generates changes in the brain resemble those caused by drugs, and may also cause feeling of abstinence. But in this case, the addiction is behavioral, not chemical.

This psychological disorder – which is a kind of social phobia – its signs and symptoms:

  • anxiety, distress, discomfort, irritability or boredom in unable to use the device;
  • real loss of contact with others of their employment status;
  • feeling more intense happiness in virtual activities than in real time;
  • concern to shoot all the time in place to take advantage of what is happening around them;
  • concern with the amount of Likes and comments on posts made on social networks;
  • difficulty concentrating on other activities;
  • need to be connected all the time;
  • behavioral changes and isolation;
  • loss of interest in relation to other activities;
  • excessive worry about what happens on the internet while you are away from it;
  • abnormal fear of losing mobile phone or run out of battery.

The NOMOPHOBIA usually affects anxious people, especially those belonging to the age group 13-25 years.

Very often, those who are affected by the disorder can not differentiate between normal and abusive use of the cell, ie, what is healthy and harmful. This is further compounded by the fact that the devices be socially accepted and used as a study resource and labor.

Consequences of NOMOPHOBIA

As with the chemical drugs – such as alcohol, cigarettes and cocaine – dependence by mobile phone also has serious impacts on health, especially mental health.

In this context, NOMOPHOBIA may cause heightened anxiety, depression, sleep disorders, panic and social phobia.

Moreover, this disorder can affect the educational and professional activities. This is because the person can not focus on their business because it is worried about what is happening on your phone.

The phobia also ends up causing an exchange of real life by the virtual, impairing social interaction and increasing the number of conflicts with people nearby.

Tips to prevent NOMOPHOBIA

To prevent the NOMOPHOBIA, the most appropriate is to make a moderate use of smartphones, avoiding use them during moments of leisure and rest.

Another tip is to disable the device’s notifications, including the instant messaging and invest in outdoor leisure activities.

Also, if you have any unusual symptoms in relation to the use of mobile phones, it is essential to seek professional help as soon as possible.

This disorder can be treated with counseling and, in more serious situations, with the use of drugs.

Did you see that there are many risks of technology? Start taking better care of their health, reducing the use of cell phones, computers and internet and invested in more pleasurable activities.

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