The role of Melatonin in insomnia

The role of melatonin in insomnia

Insomnia affects 20% of the Spanish population, a percentage that is rising stress, the pace of life or problems resulting from the crisis are some of the causes of the increase.

Alongside the more traditional control measures, for some time we have what has been called “the best and safest sleep inducers current: Melatonin”.

To speak of the issue, we interviewed a true specialist in the field, the Dr.Eduard Estivill, neurophysiologist, a specialist in sleep medicine, director of the Sleep Clinic Estivill the USP Dexeus University Institute and coordinator of the Capio Hospital Dream General of Catalonia.

Dr. Estivill, is a preventable disease insomnia?
First, we must clarify that insomnia is not a disease in the strict sense, it is always a symptom caused by any reason. It is therefore essential to determine the underlying cause of poor sleep. They are estimated at more than 40 possible causes, but the main one is arriving in the evening “too connected”.

Excessively you connected? So important it is to disconnect?
It is clear that the way we live day conditions and modifies the way we sleep: at the time when the brain needs sleep, starts a mental process that may appear off to sleep.

The waking state remains active and “connected” the cerebral cortex, responsible for processing the information received. The dream, however, originates in deeper brain areas. If I a simile, sleep is like a deflated balloon in the morning and to be swelled during the day. When night comes, the balloon reaches sufficient size to “push” the cerebral cortex and achieve disconnected.

Thus, the disconnection process is not immediate, lasts about two or three hours, besides being directly influenced by the reduction in ambient light intensity and increased secretion of melatonin.

Melatonin, is actually a sleep aid ?
Melatonin is a hormone -like substance synthesized by the pineal gland in response to the lack of light. This synthesis, has obvious circadian rhythm, with reduced during wakefulness and a marked peak nocturno.bLa crucially Melatonin is involved in the cronoregulación sleep-waking rhythm therefore exogenously administered melatonin can resynchronize the internal clock values , and improve sleep predisposition and reconciliation.

What types of insomnia benefit from treatment with melatonin?
Melatonin not only regulates the biological rhythm, also has the ability to induce sleep. Therefore, melatonin is useful for the vast majority of people who have trouble disconnecting when night, they notice that sleep is of poor quality or wake up often arrives.

It is also often used to help sleep during the day when people with night work and is an effective aid to combat the effects of jet-lag.

Are there any “qualities” of melatonin?
Leaving aside the fact that it is better to use synthetic melatonin naturally extracted from animal pineal, our experience tells us that more than quality, so there are combinations and “more physiological” presentations.

In this regard, I recommend those that combine melatonin with some ingredient involved in the metabolic pathway, such as vitamin B6, vitamin involved in the various steps of the synthesis of melatonin, as well as helping the brain to rest, disconnect.

As for the presentation, orodispersible tablets sublingual absorption are today the fastest option effect: the action is the same as orally, but produces much antes.Por Moreover, melatonin drops very suitable for administration to children.

In this light, melatonin seems the ideal treatment for insomnia. The answer is yes for insomnia that are not caused by illness (such as depression, anxiety attacks, toxic consumption). That is, melatonin is the best solution in conciliation insomnia and deregulations of the internal biological clock.

In insomnia, herbal natural remedies are often the first step of self-medication. They are excellent relaxing but with little hypnotic power. At the other end anxiolytic drugs, necessary in some cases even with obvious side effects are situated. Let us not forget antihistamines that help sleep while generally have daytime sleepiness. I like to say that “drugs are us neither good nor bad, but they are right or wrong prescription.”

Melatonin has the advantage of not be addictive or present tolerance or dependence, so no precise pattern of withdrawal. Numerous clinical studies, place it as a sleep with excellent safety, no toxicity presenting even at high doses and irrelevant side effects.

Therefore … to sleep well … any advice melatonin and more Dr. Estivill?
Keys to sleep can be summarized into two: Prepare sleep during the day and programmed to sleep. This requires follow some simple guidelines that will help us learn to sleep. “Sleep well is to increase the level of happiness.”

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