The main viruses in children and how to avoid them

The main viruses in children and how to avoid Them

Fathers, mothers and other persons responsible for ensuring the health and well-being of children  know how worrying can see the little sick or in pain.

At that stage of life when the immune system is still developing, children are very susceptible to various types of diseases – for babies, then the situation may be even more worrisome. So, until it can identify precisely which are the symptoms, many dads and moms are very stressed with the health situation of children.

Among the most common problems in this phase of life, are the famous viruses. This kind of disease, which includes several health conditions caused by viruses mainly affect the respiratory and gastrointestinal systems, the main causes of long lines at service stations.

Wants to prevent these evils acometam your child? See below what are the main types of viruses in children , how they affect health, how to identify the symptoms and, of course, how to prevent them!

What is virus?

Before you start talking about the viruses, it is important that they are usually benign. By going through these situations, the child’s body develops resistance to the virus, a factor that helps strengthen the immune system. Thus, as it grows, the episodes of viruses tend to decrease, and milder when they occur.

When a disease is diagnosed as viral infection, this means that it is difficult to characterize it exactly because of the multitude of existing viruses and the like symptoms they cause such as diarrhea, malaise, runny nose, fatigue etc. That is, when your child’s pediatrician says he has a virus, does not mean he does not know the diagnosis: it is only characterizing the disease as belonging to a group of diseases with similar symptoms and treatments.

What are the main viruses in children?


Colds are the most common forms of viruses in children. As there are hundreds of different viruses that can cause the disease, it is almost inevitable that small to cool sometimes during childhood.

The symptoms are the ones that we all know very well: runny nose with clear discharge, coughing, loss of appetite, low fever, weakness and malaise. This virus causes more discomfort in children than necessarily serious health problems. So, you can get around it with treatments done at home, mainly boosted hydration and rest.

The flu

Despite being constantly confused with colds, the flu is caused by a different virus and also has a higher intensity of their symptoms. Who gets the influenza virus usually has the same symptoms of colds, but a high fever and increased risk of evolving into a more complicated clinical picture.

In the flu, it may be accumulated mucus in the lungs, a problem that can develop to pneumonia if not treated properly. It is important to remember that children as young as six months have vaccines against this virus at the Health System.

As the influenza mutates rapidly, the vaccine is annual and combat the type of virus that is circulating at the time. It is important to remember, however, that the dose of the vaccine does not prevent all children from getting the flu, but ensures a reduction of symptoms and risks.

herpetic infections

Herpes viruses infections are generally identified in children already at school age. As this environment often share small toys, putting objects in the mouth and have close contact with others of their age, they are more prone to infection.

Caused by the herpes virus, the herpes infections cause intestinal fever, which generates canker sores, excessive salivation, swelling of the gums, blisters on the lips, malaise and high fever. The improvement of the disease often occurs within five days after the appearances of symptoms, and treatment should be done with fluid replacement at home.

If the child has resistance or difficulty ingesting drinks due to pain, it is necessary to consult a doctor to perform an intravenous hydration. In such cases, rely on a health plan is a great way to avoid inconvenience to the little ones.


Diarrhea is another disease of great concern to the dads and moms. Caused by viruses and / or bacteria and parasites, the primary means of infection is through contaminated water or food.

The SUS vaccination schedule provides the rotavirus vaccine – one of the major offenders of this disease – in two doses, which should be taken at two and four months of a baby’s life. To prevent the problem, it is best to be careful with hygiene and handling of food.


Bronchiolitis is the most common disease among children under two years of age. This virus occurs when a virus called respiratory syncytial virus, infects the bronchioles, which are smaller areas of the airways. With the infection, these bronchioles swell and become inflamed. Thus, the mucus just accumulated in this region, which makes the airflow in the lungs.

The virus that causes bronchiolitis usually appear mainly in the colder seasons. Being very contagious, the disease is easily transmitted by air or shared objects such as cutlery and towels. The younger the child, the more chances it has of contracting this virus, since the respiratory tract of the small is not yet fully developed, as well as your immune system.

As you saw, the viruses can be really unpleasant, but in principle there is no reason to be alarmed. After all, they contribute to the development of a strong and healthy immune system for the child.

Most of these diseases can be prevented through care with hygiene, vaccinations and frequent visits to the pediatrician. It is therefore becomes essential to get a good health plan  children to also measure allows small to make appointments, treatments and follow – ups with more agility and security.

Enjoy this post on viruses in children and want to understand how you can ensure the well-being of your child? Now understand the importance of the pediatrician for children’s health !


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