Skin blemishes: Know the skin diseases and the necessary medical care

Skin blemishes: Know the skin diseases and the Necessary medical care

The skin is not quite perfect as shown in the movies and commercials. It is normal to have a few pints, scars and sun spots. However, these marks may bother some people and even indicate the need to consult a doctor.

The skin is the largest organ of our body and even then not always take care of her. Through it, we can identify health problems quickly and know how to treat them effectively.

To help you identify and treat some of these drawbacks, we list the main causes and treatments related to skin blemishes. Follow:

The main types of skin blemishes

melasma

This type of stain arises due to hormonal changes of pregnancy, menopause or change of life style. It focuses on the face and can be aggravated by the sun. Melasma is dark and quickly becomes apparent.

To mitigate them or even remove them, you must use appropriate sunscreen daily and avoid spending long periods in the sun or near heat sources. Other treatments include ointments and bleaching creams, which should be indicated by a dermatologist.

Acne

More than just pimples, acne is a serious disease that usually occurs in adolescence, but may extend throughout adulthood. It is caused by hormonal fluctuations and can facilitate the emergence of infections.

Even after being fully cured, acne can leave reddish and brownish spots on the face. Avoid exposure to the sun and always use sunscreen help prevent the worsening of these spots.

The use of rosehip oil is a natural alternative that can also be used to reduce the marks.

In addition, there are treatments with creams and cosmetic procedures that can reduce and even to wipe the acne blemishes. However, they should be recommended and performed by a dermatologist according to the relevant assessment.

Psoriasis

Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease, chronic and not contagious. It comes in red, scaly plaques in general:

  • on the feet;
  • in the hands;
  • nails;
  • on the scalp;
  • the elbows;
  • and knees.

However, other areas of the body can also be affected. It can appear in different ways and at any time.

The catalyst for the emergence of spots can range from psychological background to power. The causes can be genetic, but there is no confirmation.

For treatment, they can be used creams and ointments containing the spread of lesions, or, in more extreme cases, it may be necessary to perform a long-term treatment with immunosuppressants.

Only a qualified doctor can determine the best procedure.

diabetes spots

The scientific name of this type of stain is acanthosis nigricans and consists of dark marks on the neck, armpits and under the breasts. They arise due to insulin resistance and may indicate a diagnosis of diabetes . In other cases, there may be due to obesity.

The therapy involves the containment, with the correct treatment for diabetes and prescription bleaching creams. It is important to consult a doctor as soon as possible if these spots arise, as they indicate deeper problems.

dermatitis

This term is used to describe various issues that may arise in the skin from dark spots, red or white to diaper rash, flaking and coarse texture. They can come in various body parts and can have several causes.

These injuries can be caused by:

  • infections;
  • environment (dirt, very dry air, contact with tissue etc.);
  • allergies ;
  • stress;
  • and psychosomatic causes.

In some cases, treatment is made with anti-allergic; in others, with topical ointments and healing.

Senile, freckles and moles

This spots are the most common and arise usually because of genetic factors or sun exposure. They are the result of accumulation of melanin, the substance that gives color to the skin.

Senile (patches that usually appear on the hands and arms over time) are related to aging and can be prevented with the use of sunscreen and moisturizers. They may be reduced and treated with bleaching products and medical procedures.

Already the freckles and the spots appear anywhere and are mostly benign. It is important to note if the spots and freckles change color, shape and texture over time. Much variation can indicate problems such as the emergence of tumors, leading to skin cancer.

Freckles and moles can be decreased and also avoided with the use of sunscreen. But if they arise from genetic factors, there is little to do. They can be surgically removed or lightened with medical care

White cloth

The white cloth is a disease that is characterized by small, white spots scattered over large areas of the body such as the back, arms and legs. The cause for this disease are fungi that already live naturally in the skin of the person.

In general, they proliferate when there is an impairment of the immune system and cover the skin quickly.

Despite being something that was already present, many people only realize the white cloth when going to the beach or tanning. So it became known as beach ringworm. This problem is easily treated with the use of antifungal ointments and, in extreme cases, medication.

How to prevent skin blemishes

The general recommendation to avoid much of the skin spots is regular and daily use of sunscreen, avoid exposure to the sun and excessive attention to food allergies and contact.

For hormone order spots – such as melasma and diabetes – it is important to make appropriate medical management.

Already stains caused by chronic diseases – such as psoriasis, dermatitis and some white cloth – require prolonged treatment with dermatologist and, in some cases, other specialties, such as a psychiatrist and immunologist.

It is important to remember that in order to correctly identify and treat any stains on the skin, you need to consult a good dermatologist. Only this professional may indicate a correct diagnosis, especially in cases of psoriasis and dermatitis, in which treatment may require medications.

Skin blemishes, however, are not always symptoms of a patient ‘s skin. Often, the patches can be only a natural consequence of time or changes in life. Pay attention to the style and quality of life are essential to keep the skin and the body always healthy.

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