Get to know 7 common childhood diseases and how to treat them

Get to know 7 common childhood diseases and how to treat Them

It is an indisputable fact: babies and children get sick. As much as parents worry, it is impossible to go through childhood without some diseases, as small are among the most vulnerable groups, with the immune system still in training.

Protected within the womb, babies do not come into contact with viruses and bacteria, and therefore are not prepared to face micro-organisms that, for adults, are virtually harmless.

The good news is that the vast majority of common childhood illness is not serious and does not affect the growth and development of children. And over time, the defense system of the body is strengthened and sick children spend less and less.

But it is important to know the symptoms and treatments of major diseases in childhood. Thus, parents will be prepared to look after the children more safely, avoiding unnecessary worries.

Check out some common diseases of early life of babies:

7 common childhood diseases and how to treat them

1. reflux

At birth, the immaturity of the digestive tract of babies can cause the milk to get the stomach back into the esophagus, causing discomfort and gulps after eating. reflux frames are extremely common in the first few months of life, but the symptoms tend to decrease over time, since the digestive system develops.

Some severe cases may require the use of drugs, but it is possible to reduce the baby’s discomfort with simple measures such as breast-feeding upright, put the baby to burp after feeding and elevating the head of the crib.

2. Allergies

Around food introduction, frames allergies  are common in babies sensitive to certain dyes, proteins or preservatives in food. The intensity of symptoms can vary, and range from itching and skin rashes to severe abdominal pain, blood in the stool and difficulty breathing.

There is no cure for food allergy: the cause of the symptoms should be excluded from child feeding (and mother during breastfeeding). The main allergy-causing foods in early childhood are:

  • cow milk;
  • eggs (clear);
  • fishes and sea food;
  • Soy.

There is also a respiratory allergy, manifested by difficulty breathing, wheezing, coughing, sneezing, runny nose and nasal congestion. The main forms of respiratory allergy are rhinitis and asthma, and the causative agents of the disease can include dust mites, pollen, dust and insect bites.

In this case, prevention is crucial to prevent crises, which can be controlled by medicine prescribed by a pediatrician . Parents should:

  • keep the environment clean and airy;
  • avoid stuffed animals, carpets, curtains and objects that accumulate dust;
  • change the bed linen and towels regularly;
  • avoid contact with irritants.

3. Otitis

The known ear pain is a common childhood disease which can be repeated several times, caused by accumulation of secretions, milk or water in the ear canal. The bacterial growth can cause pain, fever and discomfort, symptoms controlled with drugs and warm compresses the region.

A key recommendation of doctors is not use cotton swabs for hygiene ears: they only push the wax into the ear and remove the natural protection. After bathing, simply and dry the ears with a towel.

4. Cold

Prevent colds early in life it seems impossible, since it is one of the most common viral diseases of childhood. The main symptoms are mild fever, runny nose and irritation of mucous membranes. The table is usually milder than the flu, and both diseases regress without medication.

To reduce the discomfort is indicated to keep the child hydrated, well fed and rested. Wash hands, breastfeed and avoid crowds are simple preventive measures that should be observed regularly.

5. Flu

The flu usually has more severe symptoms than the flu, including fever, malaise, runny nose, muscle pain and exhaustion. The infection occurs through saliva (in coughs and sneezes).

As colds, the flu are self-limiting disease and bring no major complications. Vaccination is an important factor in prevention, and should be repeated annually.

6. Diarrhea

A frequent symptom in many common childhood illnesses is diarrhea. However, most cases are caused by intestinal infections that progress to dysentery frame. Prevention involves good hygiene habits such as washing hands regularly and properly sanitize food.

Diarrhea is a major cause of infant death in the country, and in cases of contamination by water or food, may be accompanied by vomiting, abdominal pain and discomfort.

It is essential to keep well hydrated child and administer ORS (prepared with water, salt and sugar) and to maintain breastfeeding for babies. In more severe cases, parents should seek medical attention for the child’s evaluation.

7. Pneumonia

Pneumonia is one of the most serious diseases of childhood and can be fatal if not given appropriate treatment. It can be caused by viruses, bacteria or fungi, and its symptoms include high fever, lack of appetite, coughing up phlegm, abdominal pain and difficulty breathing.

Treatment often involves hospitalization of the child, a move that often worry parents. Prevention is done by means of a vaccine that protects against the virus that causes pneumonia.

How to prevent the most common childhood diseases

It is impossible to prevent children from getting sick, but you can guard against some common childhood illnesses and maintain the health of the whole family  up with a few simple steps:

  • opt for vaginal delivery  whenever possible, since bacteria from the vaginal canal contribute to the baby’s immune system;
  • maintain exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months, as breast milk transfers antibodies to the child;
  • from 6 months to start introducing food and maintain complementary breastfeeding up to two years;
  • include in food  fruits, vegetables, vegetables, lean meats and grains, rich in vitamins, proteins and minerals;
  • always keep the house clean, airy and well lit;
  • teach good hygiene habits to children, especially washing hands frequently;
  • provide quality sleep, according to the needs of each phase;
  • encourage outdoor play and exposure to sunlight in the most appropriate times (early morning or late afternoon).

Be prepared to face the common diseases in childhood is the best way to go through this stage with ease and give your child the care he needs. After all, diseases contribute to strengthening the immune system, making the strongest child and prepared to fight viruses and bacteria harmful to health.

And you, like take care of your child when he is sick? Got any tips for prevention to other parents of young children? Leave your comment!

 

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