Elderly Care for the Elderly: Everything You Need to Know

Elderly Care for the Elderly: Everything You Need to Know

You may not have had the privilege to live with their grandparents or great-grandparents for long. In the 70s, for example, the Brazilian’s life expectancy was 57 years – a very different number from the current 76 years. Therefore, the health of the elderly today is a very important issue for society and for families.

And you know you need to care about the health of the elderly? You want to discover what is the best way to preserve the vitality and quality of life of their families? You want to understand that habits can start developing today to get the elderly willing and productive?

So do not miss today’s post! Let’s talk about everything you need to know to care for the health of the elderly or even to prepare for this increasingly fulfilling stage of life. Check out!

Think of the prevention and security of the elderly

Currently, it is very common for people over 65 are active and independent. Many live alone and perform most activities of daily life without major problems, which contributes to their well-being and sense of self-sufficiency.

However, older people face a higher risk of accidents. The gradual loss of balance, vision, decreased reflexes, muscle strength and mobility make them an easy target for falls, impacts and various injuries.

So it is important that they live in the safest environment possible. Some adaptations to homes and routine are very efficient to protect them and avoid accidents.

In countries where the population is aged longer, there is a deeper understanding of the needs of this age group. They also developed domestic solutions that contribute to the safety of the elderly.

Want to know how to make the environment safe to prevent accidents and ensure the well-being of people in old age? Check out the following list:

Care home

The ideal home for an elderly is that no stairs, which has a few steps and thresholds, which can cause accidents. It is also important to install non-slip floors and bar outstanding sites and bathrooms. These measures prevent falls.

The elimination of obstacles (carpets, furniture on the way) are some useful changes. They can make the elderly stumble and fall. It is also important to have easily accessible points of light so that the individual does not need to walk in the dark.

remote monitoring

When the elderly live alone or stay at home while the other family members work, remote monitoring can be very helpful. Contrary to what many think, today, there are smart watches with this function. They send important information about the elderly to their relatives through applications.

So if a fall occurs, the clock triggers an alarm to the responsible for the elderly. He may try to contact by phone and if you can not tranquilize the information that may trigger the relief and provide the necessary assistance.

This type of monitoring is very important. We know that rapid aid in the event of serious events (myocardial infarction, stroke) is essential to increase the chances of survival of the person.

Assistance in demanding tasks

Various cleaning tasks and maintaining a residence require the use of equipment that can cause accidents. This is the case of sharp tools or ladders, involving the risk of injury or falls.

It is important that the elderly have assistance to carry out these tasks. Periodic cleaning should be done by professionals or other family members. The same goes for maintenance activities.

See the most common diseases in the elderly

With a “machine” more worn, it is common that some diseases are more frequent in the elderly. The problems that have higher risks or are very present in this stage of life are:

cardiovascular problems

They are present throughout adult life and are a major cause of death worldwide. In old age, cardiovascular problems become even more dangerous.

The most common form is coronary artery disease, which is a narrowing or blockage of the arteries of the  heart . Blockages or ruptures can cause heart attacks that, in its most serious instances, lead to even death.

cerebrovascular disease

Also known as stroke or stroke, it occurs when a blood vessel in the brain gets blocked or suffers disruption, preventing blood reaches certain parts of the organ. The affected cells die quickly, may cause sequelae or death.

Arterial hypertension

This happens when the force that the blood exerts on the walls of an artery during normal heart is pumping too large. High blood pressure can damage blood vessels, kidneys, heart and other organs.


This is the development of abnormal cells that grow uncontrollably, causing damage to the body. The most common types in old age are stomach cancer, bladder, prostate, colorectal, lung, skin, breast and non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Type 2 diabetes

This disease is caused by a change in the way cells absorb and use glucose. The fabrics are without power required to operate and the problem can affect various organs.

The most common consequences of diabetes are blindness, damage to the nervous system, heart attacks, strokes and regular failure. The best way to prevent and control the problem is with a healthy diet and exercise.

Parkinson’s disease

Parkinson’s disease is more common in men than in women. It is a neurological disorder that causes the patient has muscle stiffness, tremors and sudden movements visible.

He may hamper the day-to-day, as the patient loses part of motor control. family history, head injuries and exposure to chemical toxins are some factors that increase the chances of developing the disease.

Dementia (including Alzheimer’s)

This is a significant loss of brain functions. It may appear through memory lapses, attention difficulties and communication, confusion and personality changes and mood.

There are several causes of dementia in Huntington’s disease, Parkinson’s disease and vascular dementia are the most common. However, Alzheimer’s disease is a common and troubling question. As for the disease progresses, patients lose their cognitive abilities and becomes increasingly dependent on the family for day to day activities.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

It is due to airway inflammation, thickening the lining of the lungs and above the normal production of mucus in the air tubes. With all of these barriers, there is a reduction in the amount of air in and out of the lungs.

The patient has symptoms such as breathlessness, wheezing (whistling breathing) and chronic cough. It is more common in active and passive smokers or people who have been exposed to industrial pollution and contaminants in the workplace.


This is a disease more common in women, people who have had previous injuries or obese. This causes swelling and joint pain that can be treated with anti-inflammatory, and pain medication therapy.


It is a loss of bone mass, leaving the weak and thin bones easier to break in an accident or fall. The  osteoporosis  can be prevented with exercise, in addition to a diet rich in calcium and vitamin D supplementation


It is the loss of transparency in the natural lens of the eye, the lens. It causes the patient to gradually lose the vision for near and far. The treatment for the problem is surgical.

Learn about the importance of healthy food for the health of the elderly

Age brings a natural decline in the functioning of many organs and body systems. However, this process can be slowed or mitigated with the lifestyle. Nutrition plays a key role in this prevention program.

The elderly should use a  healthy diet  and balanced. As people of all ages, they need to consume carbohydrates (preferably whole grain), lean protein, lots of vegetables and good fats (olive oil, avocado, salmon, sardines).

Healthy eating involves the decision to make conscious choices and beneficial at every meal. This means that you need to use more natural and whole foods and less processed products. Reduce the amounts of salt, sugar and saturated or trans fats are also important attitudes.

Fill the dish of colorful items – vegetables, fruits, whole grains, seeds and oil – is ideal. Lean meats are also welcomed. However, beyond the normal recommendations for a healthy diet, the elderly should have some special care. Find out what they are:

Increased need for protein

There is a marked muscle loss that can be ameliorated with the consumption of healthy proteins: white meat or a little fat, assorted beans, milk, among others.

But as chewing and digestion may be more difficult, these foods should be presented in the easiest way to be consumed: small pieces, ground, grated or shredded.

Help for digestion

Digestive enzymes in capsules, consumption of papaya, pineapple and lemon are some alternatives to help the body in the digestion process. rosemary tea, mint and chamomile are also allies.

Maintaining brain health

Fish, egg yolk, oil (nuts, nuts, etc.) are some of the foods that help keep the brain healthy. Also fall into this list the healthy fats such as avocado, olive oil and fish.

Reinforcement to the bone

It is common for the elderly bones become more fragile, but this problem can be tackled with the intake of calcium and vitamin D supplementation However, the milk should be used only when it does not cause gastrointestinal problems in the individual.

Although milk is a major source of calcium, this mineral is also found in broccoli, cabbage, spinach, sardines, flaxseed, chickpeas, flax seeds, sesame and chia or oats, among other foods.

Learn how to be physical activities during this period of life

You may have noticed some very common problems in elderly: loss of balance, bone density (which are more prone to breakage), joint pain, decreased muscle mass and overall mobility.

In addition to impair the carrying out routine activities, these problems increase the chances of the elderly fall, break bones and have difficulties in the recovery process.

The best way to prevent these problems is to conduct supervised physical activities. When the individual is sedentary, it has a very marked loss of muscle strength after 60 years, mainly in the lower limbs and trunk.

When participants performed exercise the right way, properly supervised by professionals, they can delay the onset of these problems.

In addition, physical activity prevents conditions such as osteoporosis (bones become more “hollow” and fragile), obesity and diabetes. The strength in old age  is also an ally to make the muscles stronger and take the burden on joints.

It is important that the elderly will be evaluated by a doctor before starting an exercise routine. The test results will show what is the most appropriate training in accordance with the cardiac conditions, pulmonary, metabolic and musculoskeletal patient.

It is also essential that it be accompanied by the health care professional and physical educator, ensuring all the benefits that the activity provides no risk of injury.

Values ​​the healthy habits for seniors

Much of the diseases affecting the elderly and the general population do not have any source of contamination. This means that they develop due to improper lifestyle and not very healthy.

So it is important to develop and maintain healthy habits that will contribute to your well-being in old age. We will tell you what they are:

Do not give in to inactivity

Even if you have retired, it is important that the elderly to remain active. He can devote free time to devote to a hobby, develop a new skill or even learn something completely new.

These stimuli will keep the brain alert, avoiding problems with memory, concentration, reasoning and loss of cognitive functions. Combined with the exercise, they will keep body and mind in shape.

Take advantage of the networking opportunities

Emotional isolation is bad for the body and mind. The old time must be used to get along with people who make you well, to bring joy and pleasure.

Together with friends to chat, play a game they like or dancing are great ways to socialize. They contribute to keep physically active and emotionally stimulated individual.

Participate in vaccination campaigns

For the elderly, recovery from illness can be more difficult and involve complications. So all that can be done to prevent them is very important for maintaining health.

One way to prevent illness is to participate in vaccination campaigns. Normally the government itself encourages the elderly to be immunized against flu and other diseases, even if this option is not open to the entire population.

Visit the doctor often

Do not expect to feel a pain to visit your geriatrician. Make consultations a routine and really perform all tests that the doctor prescribes. This will help detect health problems at an early stage, making treatment.

Do not use drugs without medical prescription

What is good for the neighbor may not work for everyone. So when it comes to the use of drugs, it is essential only take them under medical supervision.

A remedy can be completely ineffective or even harmful depending on the patient’s condition. In addition, interaction with other medications that the patient can use to harm or negate the effect of either substance, which is extremely dangerous.

Control weight

Besides hindering locomotion, being overweight is associated with a number of diseases: cardiovascular problems, diabetes, arthritis, high blood pressure and other health hazards of the elderly.

Therefore, it is essential to control the weight. Feed themselves properly and physical activity are the best ways to keep the hands of the scale in place. If you have difficulty in this matter, seek help from the doctor.

Remember the need for psychological support

Not only is the body that needs care. Old age is a stage that involves changes and adaptations. Changes in routine and retirement, for example, can affect the sense of the old utility and cause conflicting emotions.

Moreover, it is a time when accrued some significant losses. The elderly feel you are losing friends and family, your productivity, you see that your health is more fragile and can also begin to face some physical limitations.

All this can cause episodes of depression and anxiety. The problems that make the elderly need psychological care most often are:

  • mourning experiments;
  • problems of marital or family relationship;
  • feelings caused by dependence condition (financial or physical);
  • cognitive impairment;
  • sexuality-related issues;
  • loneliness;
  • alcoholism.

For all these reasons, it is important to pay attention to the emotional status of the elderly and in the face of persistent difficulties, seek psychological support.

Psychotherapy in old age is an important tool for those people able to adapt satisfactorily to the changes and challenges of this stage of life, well-being and quality of life reaching.

Understand why the periodic medical monitoring

As we have already mentioned earlier in this post, some of the most common diseases in the elderly are silent evils. High blood pressure, changes in levels of  cholesterol and triglycerides  and Alzheimer’s disease are examples of diseases that advance silently. When the patient or their family realize the symptoms, the picture may be more serious.

Early detection of these health problems of the elderly is important to start treatment at an early stage. In addition to increasing the chances of success, the early realization of the procedure reduces the risk of complications.

So it is very important that the elderly have periodic medical monitoring. The  geriatrician , which is the most appropriate professional to evaluate patients in old age, ask preventive tests that help detect problems and identify aspects of health that need more attention. In general, they include:

  • imaging tests (ultrasound, mammography, radiography, CT);
  • Laboratory tests (blood, urine, feces);
  • specific tests for certain diseases, according to the patient’s history;
  • bone density;
  • colonoscopy.

However, the doctor may order other procedures. It largely depends on the patient’s general condition, personal medical history and your family.

In addition to this preventive care, the elderly should seek geriatrician whenever you feel any unusual symptoms or discomfort. This will allow a possible problem to be treated while the picture is less severe, increasing the chances of recovery.

Rely on expert assistance

Given what we highlight at the end of last topic, one of the major needs for the elderly is the ease of having a reliable service network. If it depends on public health services, there is the risk of failing to perform the procedures at the appropriate time, aggravating their situation.

The number of recommended procedures increases as the age arrives. The payment of examination in generally becomes more expensive private schools each year, which ends up causing many seniors do not take care of health as they should.

The best option for the elderly is undoubtedly to join a  health plan . Thus, it can make periodic monitoring on the appointments and tests – how the doctor feels necessary – without fear of additional weight in the budget.

The importance of health insurance for the elderly

The  health plan for the elderly  is essential to prevent it from being the victim of treacherous and invasive diseases, when they occur, they may already be at a stage where there is nothing you can do. Frequent consultation with the doctor is essential if the patient is instructed as the habits to preserve health. By using preventive medicine, the elderly becomes less susceptible to serious problems.

In addition to this benefit, health insurance is also a guarantee that the Member will receive appropriate care in an emergency. So before any kind of accident or acute crisis of a disease, it does not need to wait in long queues for care or hospitalization.

After much work and challenges overcome for decades, people who come to seniors deserve the time and inclination to enjoy the activities of which most enjoy.

The health care of the elderly are essential to achieve the perfect balance between longevity and quality of life, therefore, should be a priority for families. Adopting a healthy lifestyle and rely on trained professionals are fundamental attitudes to achieve this goal.

You want to know how you can have the best health care in your city? So do not waste time! Contact our team  and find out which is the best plan to meet the needs of your family!


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