Breastfeeding time: what is the influence on baby’s health?

Breastfeeding time: what is the influence on baby’s health?

After a pregnancy filled with anxiety and anticipation finally the new member comes to family. Among all the care needed at this stage, baby feeding is one of the factors that most worries parents. Fortunately, nature has provided the best source of nutrition for the newborn: breast milk. But you know what is the influence of the duration of breastfeeding on children’s health?

It’s just about what we will talk in today’s post. Read on and understand how the extension of breastfeeding contributes to the health of the baby and what is the ideal time for breastfeeding!

The importance of breastfeeding

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), every child should be fed only breast milk until 6 months of life. After this period, it can (and should) receive other foods gradually, but it is recommended that it is still breastfed at least until 2 years old.

Breast milk is recognized as the most complete source of nutrition for babies. It provides all the necessary nutrients in the first months of life, such as protein, energy, vitamins and minerals, as well as substances that enhance the body’s defense.

The unfortunate reality, however, is that most babies in Brazil is deprived of those nutrients. The average time for exclusive breastfeeding in the country is only 54 days, that is, they lose all the benefits that prolonged breastfeeding provide to their growth and health.

You want to understand what are the benefits of an extended duration of breastfeeding for the baby’s health? So let’s start:

balanced nutrition

As you saw, breast milk has all the components that the baby needs to satisfy your hunger, promote growth and strengthen the body’s defense system. And this is true not only for newborns! Research shows that after the first year of life, the child who receives half a liter of breast milk per day is guaranteed:

  • 95% of your daily requirement of vitamin C, important to strengthen the immune system, prevent colds and even heart disease;
  • 38% of protein needs, essential for the growth and strengthening of bones;
  • 45% of the vitamin needs, which improves vision , assists in the growth and is essential for cell renewal;
  • 31% of its energy needs.

So if the mother wants is to offer the child a complete food that does not need refrigeration, it requires no preparation and are always on hand, only provide breast milk!

defense system strengthening

In addition to vitamin C, which we have shown to be important to strengthen the body’s immunity, breast milk contains other protective factors. It transmits the mother’s own defense cells for the baby, making it better able to fight disease.

To get an idea of the impact of these factors on health, studies point to a risk of death from infectious disease twice in children who were not breastfed during the second year of life.

Therefore, prolonged breastfeeding is one way to ensure that the child’s body has important resources to fend off disease. Breast milk also prevents respiratory, urinary and gastrointestinal infections.

Development of facial muscles

You may have heard that sucking breast milk requires a lot of effort from the baby, and this is totally true! Already the bottle leaves the liquid to drain more easily, causing it to use just the facial muscles. But does it matter?

In fact, it is precisely this effort made during breastfeeding which favors the development of facial muscles. They are important for functions such as breathing, swallowing (move made to swallow) and, of course, to speak.

Increased intelligence

The power of the baby in the early years is critical to the development of intelligence, and breastfeeding is also directly related to this. It is assumed that the influence is of the unsaturated fats found in breast milk, which contribute to the growth of the brain and nervous system.

The result can be seen on the school benches: studies show that when children are breastfed for a long time, they demonstrate more ability to learn, which is reflected in good grades.

Less chance of allergies

You may have noticed that many people, including children, have allergies or intolerances to certain types of food. But know that prolonged breastfeeding can prevent this kind of problem!

When the baby is not breastfed, it will likely receive some type of infant formula. In the market, we call these powdered milk products, but in fact it contains more than that: the protein of these infant formulas usually derived from cow’s milk and has a really great potential to trigger an allergy.

Another food with high allergenic potential is soy, which is often also present in these foods. Therefore, researchers have found that the later a child has contact with this type of food, the lower the chances of it developing food allergies.

emotional security

Health is not just about the physical aspect. Grow strong bones and be able to fend off diseases is very important, of course, but the emotional aspect also has a huge influence on a child’s quality of life.

Again, prolonged breastfeeding ensures an advantage to the baby. The practice helps to strengthen the bond between mother and child and, contrary to what many think, the result will be an over-reliance. Children who experience this process become emotionally strengthened and shown to be safer adults.

For all these reasons, prolonged breastfeeding is very good for the baby. It is recommended then that weaning is natural and happen as late as possible, preferably after the child has completed two years and may be extended beyond that age.

It is worth remembering that even in case of weaning, do not recommend the use of baby bottles. Pediatricians say they hinder the development of the dental arch and the swallowing process. If other liquids offer for the child, the ideal is to serve them in a cup with spout.

Understand what is the influence of the duration of breastfeeding in the baby’s health? Left any questions or have an experience with breast-feeding to share? Leave your comment and join the conversation!

 

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