Bad breath: know the most common causes and treatments

Bad breath: know the most common causes and treatments

Halitosis, commonly known as bad breath , is characterized by frequent bad smell released by mouth. Although not considered a disease in itself, halitosis is a symptom that something is wrong in the body, either in their own mouth or other body parts.

To solve the problem, we need to investigate the cause of bad breath and get the right treatment as soon as possible. After all, halitosis can embarrass and undermine the individual’s self-esteem, causing problems in personal and professional life.

In today’s text, we talk about the main causes of bad breath and the treatment for each of them. Follow!

Oral hygiene

The oral hygiene done wrongly or insufficiently is the main cause of bad breath. Not quite brushing your teeth or brushing rarely allows small pieces of food to accumulate in the mouth between the teeth, on gingival tissue that surrounds them and the surface of the tongue.

These food remnants that are left behind are broken and consumed by bacteria that naturally live in the mouth, causing the release of chemicals responsible for bad odor.

In this case, the treatment is to improve the oral hygiene techniques and increase their frequency throughout the day, including:

  • brush your teeth three times a day after main meals;
  • flossing at least once a day, passing between the teeth until it touches all the gums;
  • using mouthwashes;
  • using tongue cleaner to remove food debris and bacteria.

Bad eating habits

The feed can also be responsible for the appearance of bad breath. Foods with strong odors such as garlic and onions, can cause or intensify halitosis. In these cases, however, it does not usually last long.

Other food issues that cause changes in the breath are:

  • stay more than 3 or 4 hours without eating: remain empty stomach for a long time leads to hypoglycaemia (low blood glucose), causing the body begins to break down fat for energy. The burning of that fat produces fatty acids that come out in gas exchange and compromise the breath;
  • diet rich in lipids: the intake of high-fat foods leads to increased levels of acidity in the stomach, causing bad breath. When consumed excessively, meat, cheese, garlic, onions, olives, eggs, spicy foods, mayonnaise, chocolate, milk, salami, ham, mortadella, cabbage, sardines, artichoke, cauliflower and broccoli are foods that contribute to this occurrence.

If any of these is the cause of bad breath, treatment consists in the pursuit and maintenance of better eating habits that include:

  • eat small amounts of 3 in 3 hours;
  • try not to consume too many fatty foods and when you do, brush your teeth soon after.

local infections

Bad breath can also be a symptom of some local infection, usually of the upper airways, such as tonsillitis, sinusitis, pharyngitis, sinusitis, respiratory infections and changes in the nasal passages.

The person who is with some of these infections often have difficulty breathing through the nose and ends up making a mouth breathing during the day, or at least in the evening.

Breathing through the mouth cause dryness and scaling of the mucosa, increased viscosity of saliva and decreased salivary flow. Thus, this set of changes raises the tongue coating (whitish bacteria in plaque language background) responsible for bad breath.

Treatment of infection in this case is also the treatment of bad breath. While still sick, try increasing your fluid intake to maintain the production of saliva and remember to use the tongue cleaner when brushing your teeth.

Dry mouth

Some people have bad breath due to a condition popularly known as dry mouth, whose name is xerostomia. It is caused by a reduction or insufficient production of saliva by the salivary glands, making the person feel constantly with dry mouth.

Xerostomia is not considered a disease in itself, but a symptom that can be caused by:

  • anxiety;
  • radiotherapy;
  • medicines;
  • diabetes.

Bad breath arises because there is a dryness of the mouth mucosa, causing peeling of the mouth cells. These “parts” that are released saw food for the bacteria present there, as mentioned earlier, causing bad breath.

Eliminate the cause of dry mouth is the first form of treatment. Other alternatives are:

  • chewing sugarless gum to stimulate saliva production;
  • using artificial saliva.

gastrointestinal problems

Gastrointestinal problems can also be reflected in the body through the emergence of bad breath. Some stomach problems that can cause bad breath are:

  • ulcers: stomach ulcers can be caused by bacteria that also cause bad breath (Helicobacter pylori). In this case, treatment with antibiotics cure the ulcer and bad breath;
  • gastrointestinal reflux: chronic digestive disorder in which the stomach acid moves into the esophagus, causing heartburn and burning. Bad breath is one of the symptoms of the disease that can be treated with postural measures after feeding and the use of drugs;
  • gastritis: disease that can also cause bad breath due to the delay in the emptying of the stomach, allowing the growth of bacteria that cause bad breath in the meantime. It is treated with dietary and drug measures;
  • liver changes: the non-functional liver loses the ability to metabolize certain molecules that accumulate in the bloodstream and are released by respiration. These molecules also cause a bad breath.

We must remember that bad breath brought upon waking is normal, caused by decreased saliva production overnight. It should not be considered as a problem, it is solved after a person eat and brush your teeth.

Bad breath is a very troublesome problem for its carriers, generating discomfort in their daily lives and in their relationships. Find a health professional is essential for the correct diagnosis, identification of the cause and treatment of the problem as soon as possible.

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