Ask your questions about vaccination schedule

Ask your questions about vaccination schedule

The vaccination schedule is an indispensable guide for everyone. In it, vaccines are listed that must be taken throughout life: for each phase, there is a specific timetable, which contains the different types of important immunization that cycle.

It is essential that people are always on the lookout for this guide to follow vaccination campaigns and prevent the contraction of serious diseases. After all, many of these evils bring great impacts on health and quality of life, but can be prevented by vaccine.

Despite the importance of this guide, many people still forget to check out or end up mingling with the vaccination schedule, failing to take all necessary vaccines and becoming vulnerable to disease.

To prevent this from happening to you, here we gathered some valuable information about this immunization guide. Let’s check?

childhood vaccination schedule

The childhood vaccination schedule is the immunizations guide suitable for children aged 0 to 9 years. Belong to this guide the following vaccines:

BCG

Protects against tuberculosis, bacterial disease that causes severe manifestations – miliary tuberculosis and tuberculous meningitis – and, in most cases, fatal.

According to the children’s calendar, this vaccine should be administered in a single dose at birth. If not done immunization at that time, it should be taken up to 5 years old.

The vaccine leaves a scar at the application site, usually in the right arm, indicating that there was body’s response. It can be found in any public health facility.

Hepatitis B

It protects against the virus of hepatitis B , causing a serious infection in the liver, especially its chronic form. The National Immunization Program (NIP) is recommended to be administered one single dose at birth – first 12 to 24 hours – and then three more in 2, 4 and 6 months old.

This vaccine can be found in the public network or private health , and the dose schedule and the presentation of the vaccine varies between the two networks.

pentavalent

Provides immunity against five diseases: diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, hepatitis B and Haemophilus influenzae B – bacteria that can cause pneumonia, meningitis and other respiratory problems. It is applied in three doses at 2, 4 and 6 months, and made two ribs: one in the 15th month and another to 4 years old.

Polio

As the name indicates, this vaccine prevents polio, very serious neurological disease and popularly known as infantile paralysis. The dosing schedule is similar to that of pentavalent doses being applied in 2, 4 and 6 months of age, with boosters at 15 months and another to 4 years.

The first three doses are applied in the form of oral drops containing the attenuated virus. Since the reinforcement is done with the injectable presentation in which the virus is inactive.

other vaccines

In addition to the related immunizations, child calendar also calls for the administration of the following vaccines:

  • Pneumococcal: prevents 10 kinds of bacteria that cause pneumonia, meningitis and ear infections, and is administered at 2 and 4 months, with reinforcement in the first year of life;
  • human rotavirus: provides protection against the virus that causes a severe gastroenteritis, which causes diarrhea and vomiting. It should be administered at 2 and 4 months of age;
  • meningococcal C: prevents infection by a bacterium that causes meningitis, being applied in the 3 and 5 months, with reinforcement in the first year of life;
  • Yellow fever : one dose at 9 months of age;
  • Hepatitis A: also applied in a single dose, but in the 15th month after birth;
  • MMR: protects against measles, mumps and rubella, the first dose being applied at 1 year and the other in adulthood;
  • Viral tetrahydrofuran: prevents measles, mumps, rubella, and chicken pox, administered in a single dose at 15 months of age.

adolescent vaccination schedule

This is the recommended immunization guide for teens who fall in the age group between 10 and 19 years. They belong to this calendar vaccines:

  • Hepatitis B: recommended for adolescents who have not been vaccinated during childhood. In this case, they should be administered as early as possible and as three doses at intervals of 0, 1 and 6 months between them;
  • Meningococcal: two doses for those who have not been vaccinated in childhood; booster dose at 11 years to those previously immunized;
  • Yellow fever: given as a single dose for adolescents not vaccinated or without proof of vaccination.
  • adult double: offers protection against diphtheria and tetanus. It is administered to 14 years of age and should be reinforced every 10 years.

It should also be made immunization of boys and girls against the HPV virus, and the layout and the type of vaccine vary according to the age and biological sex.

adult vaccination schedule

This calendar contains the vaccines that should be taken by people aged between 20 and 50 years. Are they:

  • Hepatitis B: suitable for adults who have not previously been immunized. The administration should be done in three doses, the same way as is recommended for adolescents;
  • yellow fever single dose for those who were not vaccinated or unvaccinated are voucher;
  • MMR: two doses for adults aged 20 to 29 years and those with a dose of 30 to 49;

Every ten years should also be made reinforcements adult double vaccine, whose first administration was conducted in adolescence.

elderly vaccination schedule

This calendar is indicated for immunization of people aged over 60 years. Belong to this guide the following vaccines:

  • Hepatitis B: suitable for the elderly who have not previously been vaccinated. The administration should be done in three doses, the same way as is recommended for adolescents and adults;
  • Yellow fever: single dose for those who have not been vaccinated or who are without proof of vaccination.

It also should be made of the adult double ribs, the first dose was administered during adolescence.

Besides these, it is recommended to have immunization against influenza or influenza, since this group of people is more susceptible to complications and death from this disease. Such a vaccine to be administered in a single dose annually.

pregnant women vaccination schedule

There is a special calendar for women pregnant . During the prenatal visits, the obstetrician will recommend the vaccines she should take according to their history of immunization and their clinical condition.

Vaccination this phase of life not only protects the woman, but also the child who is being generated, preventing the transmission of mother to child infection. The PNI recommends the following vaccines:

  • Hepatitis B for pregnant women that were not previously vaccinated;
  • adult twofold: the dose regimen is indicated according to each vaccination history of pregnancy;
  • DTPA: protects against diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus. It should be taken one dose every pregnancy from the 20th week of pregnancy.

Did you see how the vaccination schedule is extremely important to prevent against several serious diseases? So stay tuned to protect your health and your family: follow our page on  Facebook and do not miss any news about upcoming campaigns!

 

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