After all, what is the difference between migraine and headache?

After all, what is the difference between migraine and headache?

The headache is a frequent complaint in the daily lives of many people, especially among those who deal with a stressful routine and live under constant pressure. This pain is the main symptom reported in doctors’ offices and emergency room visits.

Although it is popularly known by one name only, the headache may have different shapes. One of them is migraine, which has symptoms and characteristics quite distinct from the others.

The following is the difference between migraine and headache. Check out!

What is a headache?

The headache or headache is a health complaint that is characterized by discomfort in any region of the head. This pain may present in different ways, such as:

  • affect one or both sides of the head;
  • It is located or irradiating the entire length of the head;
  • have pulsatile characteristics, throbbing or dull;
  • appear gradually or suddenly;
  • or have short duration extends over one or more days.

Generally, the headache is not related to a serious problem. But, depending on their cause and frequency, it can become a disease or be a symptom of something in the body is not well.

What are its causes?

The headache can be caused by a multitude of factors, ranging from chemical imbalances in the brain structures that make up the tension and the presence of serious diseases.

Among the causes of headache, they may be cited:

  • chemical change in brain activity;
  • contraction of cerebral blood vessels or of the neck muscles;
  • tension, nervousness and stress;
  • anxiety and depression;
  • insomnia ;
  • sinusitis and otitis;
  • cerebral thrombosis, and aneurysms;
  • brain tumour;
  • exposure to strong odors;
  • dehydration;
  • head traumas;
  • meningitis and encephalitis;
  • hangover or excessive consumption of alcohol ;
  • influenza and other viral infections;
  • side effects of medication;
  • hormonal changes;
  • indigestion.

What types?

There are about 200 types of headache, and each of them can be caused by different factors, in addition to having symptoms and different treatments. Some of the most common types are:

tension headache

A tension headache is the most common type of headache in the population and occurs mostly among women.

It is caused by fatigue, stress, anxiety or depression. These factors result in a release of adrenaline and cortisol, hormones that have the power to increase the heart rate and, consequently, increase the constriction of blood vessels of the head, causing pain.

This type of headache is mild to moderate, is bilateral and is characterized by the feeling of heavy head or you have something pressing on her. Generally, the pain does not prevent the person to continue performing their activities and can be treated with a simple analgesic.

Chronic daily headache

It’s a pain that happens every day or almost every day – about 15 days a month – and that affects a significant portion of the population. It is characterized by continuous pain may be mild to moderate in intensity. How is chronic, limiting the activities of everyday life, affecting both the professional routine as leisure.

This type of headache should be treated in a special way, requiring the combination of different drugs and a multidisciplinary approach.

Cluster headache

It is a type of headache that mainly affects men, characterized by severe pain, as if nailed or stitching head.

It affects only one side of the head and the region is above the eyes near the eyebrow, may cause tearing, feeling stuffy nose, nasal secretions, excessive sweating, swelling of the eyelid and a big stir in the affected person.

What is migraine?

Migraine is nothing more than the most common type of headache in the population, affecting mainly women and people aged between 25 and 45 years. It is characterized by throbbing pain that may affect one or both sides of the head, with a duration varying between 4 and 72 hours.

Typically, this type of headache is accompanied by photophobia and phonophobia,   intolerance to light and noise, respectively. Moreover, it can also occur nausea, vomiting, irritability, dizziness, fatigue and hypersensitivity to smells.

This pain is disabling, ie the person can not continue to perform their tasks and have to rest.

What are the causes?

Currently, no one knows the exact houses for migraine, but it is related to changes in the brain and may be linked to genetic issues. There are some factors that act as triggers for pain, such as:

  • hormonal changes;
  • fasting;
  • exaggerated physical activity;
  • Excessive consumption of coffee;
  • consumption of fatty foods ;
  • sleep poorly ;
  • stress;
  • exposure to odors;
  • light or excessive noise.

Very often women have migraine in the premenstrual period as a result of hormonal changes that take place in this phase of the cycle.

What types of migraine?

There is a migraine without aura and migraine with aura. Learn about the features of each:

Migraine with aura

In this type of migraine, the pain is accompanied by aura, which is similar to viewing points to lights, flashing lights, dark spots or in the form of mosaics. It may also be a transient blurring of vision.

Another form of manifestation of migraine with aura is a tingling sensation on one side of the body, which may be associated with fatigue, weakness and difficulty speaking.

Migraine without aura

As its name implies, this type of migraine is not accompanied by aura, or visual symptoms do not occur or tingling of the body.

What is the treatment?

Generally, ordinary painkillers are not enough to relieve the pain in migraine. Anti-inflammatory drugs are often effective, medications may be needed association.

Importantly, the drugs can only be used after diagnosis, evaluation and medical advice.

It is also necessary that the person collecting in a quiet place with low light and little noise. In some cases, massage, compresses and acupuncture can help treat.

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